Best Peels For Hyperpigmentation (1)

Best Peels For Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is an overabundance of skin coloration. In most cases, it’s simply another symptom of sun damage, aging, or a sign of a hormonal fluctuation. There are relatively inexpensive and painless methods to minimize or improve any hyperpigmentation of sensitive skin, if you find that you have an area that is causing you discomfort.

Types of Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation comes in several forms. Malignant melanoma is the most aggressive cancer and can appear in a mole, a collection of hyperpigmentation. But the vast majority of moles are benign and need only be checked on an annual basis by a dermatologist. Freckles are another form of hyperpigmentation and are very common.

Age spots and spots referred to as cafe au lait spots, which are medically named esphelides and typically seen in people with neurofibromatosis, are typically flat and, as the name implies, not particularly dark.

Another form of hyperpigmentation is not simply brown colored: Port wine stains are present from birth and are a dark red mark.

Keratosis, which are a common coloring of the skin, occur largely due to tissue overgrowth and can lead to skin cancer.

Pregnancy can also cause melasma, a brownish discoloration that appears on the face.

Hyperpigmentation Causes

Hyperpigmentation may be due to hereditary issues or due to an overexposure to sunlight. Several antibiotics, especially those prescribed to manage acne such as Accutane, can lead to photosensitivity. Birth control pills are also linked with photosensitivity.

When suffering from photosensitivity, your skin is less able to tolerate exposure to sunlight. This may cause an uneven darkening to your skin, some of which may not diminish once you stop taking medications. Endocrine disorders, some cancers, arsenic poisoning and conditions such as Addison’s disease also manifest with darkened patches on the body.

Hyperpigmentation Prevention/Solution

The best method to avoid hyperpigmentation is to use simple sunlight precautions. A sunscreen with sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher and a hat for any type of weather in which you’ll be out in the elements is key. Sunnier days call for a higher SPF. If you have have hyperpigmentation on your face, consult with your dermatologist. Laser surgery may be appropriate for some people. Others can try bleaching creams to see if it abates the hyperpigmented spots.

Considerations

While most forms of hyperpigmentation are harmless, have any notable spots examined by your dermatologist. Because hyperpigmentation is a symptom of some rare conditions, as well as being a potential precursor to cancer, it’s best to be confident that hyperpigmentation is merely a cosmetic issue.

While it is typically more prevalent in people with darker skin tones, hyperpigmentation can affect anyone and is prevalent in both genders. In cases where hyperpigmentation is due to postinflammatory injury—where melanin is overproduced in the damaged area of the skin—the dark spot will fade naturally over time. Doctors can also prescribe bleaching creams in this instance to fade the darkened spot more quickly.

Different Types of Peels For Hyperpigmentation

When it comes to hyperpigmentation, chemical peels are a popular choice for their ability to exfoliate the skin and fade dark spots. There are various types of peels available, each targeting different layers of the skin and employing different active ingredients. Let’s explore some of the best peels for hyperpigmentation:

Salicylic Acid Peel

Salicylic acid peels are known for their effectiveness in treating acne-prone skin, but they are also beneficial for addressing hyperpigmentation. These superficial peels work by exfoliating the top layer of dead skin cells and reducing skin inflammation.

Salicylic acid peels can be an excellent option for individuals with oily or acne-prone skin, as they help control breakouts while improving the appearance of brown spots.

Glycolic Acid Peel

Glycolic acid peels are another popular choice for improving hyperpigmentation. These medium peels penetrate the skin more deeply and help to exfoliate the top layer of dead skin cells.

With higher concentrations, glycolic acid effectively targets uneven skin tone, sun spots, and other forms of hyperpigmentation. If you have dry skin, it is important to moisturize properly after a glycolic acid peel to maintain hydration.

Trichloroacetic Acid Peel

For those looking for more intense results, trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peels are a good option. These deep chemical peels work by penetrating deeper into the skin layers and addressing significant hyperpigmentation concerns. TCA peels require more downtime for healing and recovery, but they can deliver remarkable results for individuals with dark skin, stubborn brown spots, or uneven skin tone.

Lactic Acid Peel

Lactic acid peels are considered milder than glycolic or TCA peels, making them suitable for individuals with sensitive skin. These light peels exfoliate the superficial layer of the skin, helping to fade hyperpigmentation and revealing a brighter complexion. Lactic acid also has moisturizing properties, making it a great choice for individuals with dry or dull skin.

Choosing the Right Peel for Your Skin

When selecting the best peel for hyperpigmentation, it is important to consider your skin type, concerns, and desired results. While at-home peels can be a more affordable option, deeper chemical peels should be performed by a trained professional for safety and optimal results.

Before undergoing any peel treatment, it is essential to consult with a dermatologist or skincare professional who can evaluate your skin and recommend the most appropriate peel for your specific concerns. They can also guide you on post-peel care, including sunscreen usage and proper hydration.

Complementary Treatments and Skincare

In addition to chemical peels, there are several other treatments and skincare practices that can help improve hyperpigmentation. Laser treatments can target specific areas of pigmentation, while ingredients like hyaluronic acid and green tea can be incorporated into your skincare routine to promote a healthy and even-toned complexion. It is important to adopt a comprehensive approach to address hyperpigmentation and maintain the results over time.

Home Remedies for Hyperpigmentation on the Face

While there are many prescription creams and pills on the market that claim to eliminate the spots, some simple home remedies can be just as effective. Sometimes, hyperpigmentation spots on the face are due to excessive sun exposure that can be prevented by wearing sunscreen. Other common causes include acne scars, pregnancy hormones, age spots and injury.

Almond Paste

An ancient trick used to lighten skin is to soak a handful of raw almonds in water overnight and then grind them into a fine paste with honey or cream. Then, spread it over the dark areas of the skin. Leave the paste on until it dries and rinse it off. Repeat the procedure daily until the dark spots are suitably lightened. Since almond has a natural, mild bleaching effect, the skin should lighten within a week of using the almond paste.

Lemon and Honey

Lemon is widely known to bleach skin and hair, and when mixed with raw honey and spread over the dark spots, it can significantly lighten the skin. Mix equal parts honey and lemon to create a lotion and leave it on the skin for about 30 minutes at a time.

Aloe Vera Gel

Aloe vera gel is good for a variety of skin ailments, especially burns. It also helps treat hyperpigmentation on the face and hands. A raw aloe plant is best to use since there are no additives. Break a stem open, squeeze out the plant’s gel, and rub it onto the dark areas of your face.

How to Cure Hyperpigmentation at Home

You can cure hyperpigmentation at home with DIY skin-lightening recipes and powerful active ingredients to correct dark spots, freckles, dark patches and other skin pigmentation abnormalities.

Things You’ll Need:

Over-the-counter hydroquinone cream UVA/UVB full spectrum sunscreen with high SPF and PA+++ Mandelic acid 5 to 10 percent serum or solution Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate Niacinamide Arbutin Kojic acid Licorice extract UV-proof hats, gloves and visors

Avoid Sunlight

Know your sunscreens and read the label. Use a UV sunblock with PA+++ and SPF 30-plus sunscreen. Know that PA is an indicator of UVA filtration, and ranges from PA+ to PA+++. Keep in mind that PA+++ has enough shielding power to prevent ethnic skin from tanning. Also, most micronized zinc oxide has full UVA shielding powers, whereas titanium dioxide filters only partial UVA.

Reapply your sunscreen often for all hours of sun exposure. However inconvenient and uncomfortable this is, make it a habit.

Wear a hat or visor or bring a parasol. If the area of hyperpigmentation is on the arms and hands, remember to wear sunblock and/or gloves. Understand that most fabrics are not UV-proof and don’t provide enough sun protection. However, denim is the most UV protective out of all major fabrics. Wear jeans and a jean jacket to protect your skin from the sun and any exposure to UV on a day-to-day basis.

Exfoliation

Use a 5 to 10 percent mandelic acid (a type of alpha hydroxy acid) solution regularly to stimulate natural cell turnover and the shedding of pigmented skin layers. If you cannot find mandelic acid, you can use any L-lactic acid- based exfoliant, at a 5 to 15 percent concentration.

Be pH conscious and concentration cautious. High-quality alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) like the ones mentioned above work best at around 3.5 pH and concentrations of 3 to 10 percent. If you see AHA products with high concentration, such as 15 to 35 percent, it is too much and may irritate your skin and lead to further hyperpigmentation.

Incorporate a good scrub to boost chemical exfoliating efforts. Be sure to use scrubs gently, and avoid irritating the site of hyperpigmentation. You can scrub with jojoba beads, ground and polished apricot kernels, sugar, baking soda, salt or ground peanuts.

Incorporate Skin Lighteners

Know your skin lighteners. Remember the following ingredients as they lighten skin pigmentation and reduce melanin production in skin cells, especially on hyperpigmented spots. Synthetic chemicals, which are most effective, include hydroquinone up to 4 percent, in any cream or lotion base to be applied twice daily, magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, niacinamide, arbutin, kojic acid, licorice extract, bearberry extract, lemon juice and soy milk.

Watch for and be aware of any chemical interactions when handling these active ingredients. Most skin lightening chemicals are sensitive to light, may thin the skin (including arbutin and hydroquinone), and should be tried in smaller percentages in the beginning to see how it interacts with the skin.

Go with the simplest ingredients first. The safest ingredient to start testing with is niacinamide and soy milk. Mix soy milk (unsweetened) and a bit of niacinamide power from a capsule, spread evenly over the hyperpigmented area, and leave on as a mask. Wash your niacinamide soy mask off after 20 to 30 minutes or soon after it dries if it makes you uncomfortable. If you don’t mind having the mask on you may leave the mask on, or put on a new mask to refresh the actives that are delivered to your skin. Continue applying the soy milk and niacinamide paste over the skin for at least a week. Soy and niacinamide are not only potent skin whiteners, but also effective skin rejuvenating agents. Take advantage of this at-home treatment and save money from useless store-bought cosmetics.

Move into more advanced lightening ingredients. Once you are comfortable with the soy and niacinamide treatment and become familiar with the processes of mixing up your own skin care recipes, you can start boosting your treatments with even stronger natural skin whiteners. The simplest ingredient to use for the next stage is magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, a powerful version of Vitamin C for skin lightening. Simply add it to water or contact solution, or a store-bought Vitamin C serum of your choice, and apply on your face as you do with the soy milk and niacinamide mixture.

If you like the soymilk and niacinamide concoction, you can add another two potent whiteners directly to the soy mixture. Arbutin and kojic acid are very powerful ingredients that are used strictly for whitening and could help tremendously in correcting your hyperpigmentation.

If you prefer to leave soymilk out of your mixtures due to the sticky feeling and prefer to use a different “carrier” base for the above-mentioned power-whitening actives, simply mix arbutin, kojic acid, or magnesium ascorbyl phosphate in with a simple toner or a base lotion at below 4 percent concentration, and apply on a regular basis. Increase in concentration only if your skin tolerates it. At 4 percent, these solutions that you are making at home will be stronger and more concentrated than anything available from a store.

Monitor Skin Progress

Be careful and keep watching for changes, improvements or irritation of your skin.

According to the changes or lack of change you see, adjust your regimen.

Be patient. Topical skin applications work much slower than lasers and microdermabrasion therapies administered by a doctor. To cure hyperpigmentation at home, be patient, gentle and diligent about your at home regimen.

Tips & Warnings

Suggested simple recipes include soy milk and 4 percent niacinamide; lemon juice and 5 percent magnesium ascorbyl phosphate; and soy milk, 2 percent arbutin, and 2 percent Kojic acid.

This article is not intended to be medical advice to treat, prevent, or cure any medical conditions and diseases. Consult your physician and dermatologist for all concerns with abnormal skin conditions.

Choosing the best chemical peel for hyperpigmentation and following a proper skincare routine, you can effectively address dark spots, uneven skin tone, and achieve radiant and healthy skin. Remember to consult with a skincare professional and consider your specific skin concerns before embarking on any treatment journey.

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